Peshawar capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, oozes more romance than any city in Pakistan, except possible Lahore. At the east end of the legendary Khyber pass, this rough edged trading town has been taken and retaken for 2000 years.
The meeting place of the subcontinent and central Asia, it is also a place where Ancient traditions rub against those of today, where the bazaar in the old city has changed little in the past hundred years. Peshawar Museum, elegant Mahabat khan mosque, Islamic college and Qissa Khawani bazaar are worth visiting places in Peshawar.
The Peshawar Museum was founded in 1907 in memory of Queen Victoria. The two-story building features an amalgamation of British, South Asian, Hindu, Buddhist and Mughal Islamic architectural styles. Originally, there was only one main hall. Two halls were added in 1969–70. In 2004–05, an additional block was completed with two galleries, two halls for the reserve collection, offices for the provincial directorate of archaeology, a conservation laboratory and a cafeteria. The original building was renovated during that time.
The current collection has almost 14,000 items based on Gandhara, Greco-Buddhist, Kushan, Parthian, and Indo-Scythian life. Examples include art, sculptures, coins, manuscripts, statues, ancient books, early versions of the Holy Quran, weapons, dresses, jewelry, Kalash effigies, inscriptions, paintings of the Mughal and later periods, household materials and pottery, as well as local and Persian handicrafts.
The Mahabat Khan Mosque sometimes spelt Mohabbat Khan Mosque, is a 17th-century Mughal-era mosque in Peshawar, Pakistan. The mosque is named after the Mughal governor of Peshawar, Nawab Mahabat Khan bin Ali Mardan Khan, known alternatively as Mahabat Khan and Ali Mardan Khan, who served under Emperors Shah Jehan and Aurangzeb. The Mosque was built between 1660 and 1670, on what was the highest point in the old city. The minarets of the Mohabbat Khan Mosque were frequently used in Sikh times for hanging prisoners, as a substitute for the gallows. Following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, refugee tribal elders would congregate in the mosque in order to forge unity amongst Afghans against the Soviets.
Sethi Mohallah is an area in the heart of the walled city of Peshawar, Pakistan. The mohallah contains seven houses (including Sethi House a cultural heritage) built by the Sethis. These unique houses are a blend of the art and architecture of Gandhara and Central Asia, are rare architectural masterpieces located in the walled city. The house currently with Directorate of Archeology was completed in 1884.
The Sethis were traders who had businesses in China, India, Afghanistan, Iran and Central Asia, with trade centers at Mazar Sharif, Tashkent, Bukhara, Samarqand and other cities in the Asian region. The Sethi family was involved in considerable welfare work in Peshawar and had contributed to the construction of wells for the poor, along with the Lady Reading Hospital and the Islamia College Mosque.
The downfall of the Sethis began during the Russian Revolution in 1917, when their businesses experienced setbacks from which they never recovered, forcing them to leave Central Asia and return to Peshawar.
Taxila is one of subcontinent’s archaeological treasures and was once an important city of kingdom of Gandhara. The ruins of Taxila, scattered about 30kms away from Rawalpindi, represent one of the important archaeological sites in Pakistan. The history of Taxila spans over 1000years ( around 500 BC to 500 AD ), evolving and changing over the centuries as it absorbed the influences of various conquering empires, Taxila had been the site of the best-known university in the subcontinent, which offered courses in law, history, medicine, arts, etc.
The various sites at Taxila, spread over a large era, include: Bhir mound the oldest city of Taxila, Dharmarajika Buddhist stupa and monastery, Sirsukh city, Jaulian Buddhist monastery, etc. The Taxila museum is noted for its magnificent collection of Gandharan art- a rare blend of Greek and Buddhist art, it also housed an interesting coin- collection, utensils, jewelry, toys and pottery highlighting the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila.
Takht Bhai is a Parthian archaeological site in Mardan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It was first a Zoroastrian complex which, after the later arrival of Buddhism, was then converted into a Buddhist monastic complex. It is dated to the 1st century BCE. The complex is regarded by archaeologists as being particularly representative of the architecture of Buddhist monastic centers from its era. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.
Islamabad Pakistan’s capital nestles against the backdrop of the Margalla hills, the foothills of the Himalayas modern, spacious and carefully planned Islamabad is a city of wide, tree-lined streets, large houses, elegant public buildings and well-organized shopping malls, traffic jams and crowds seldom occur, and narrow lanes and slums are few and far between sidewalks are shaded and safe behind rows of flame trees. jacaranda, hibiscus, roses and jasmine at full bloom present the city to its best.this beautiful city offers some of the lovely places like Lok Virsa museum and Faisal mosque which is one of the biggest mosques in the world. It also has a natural history museum, and eye-catching spots kike Daman-e-Koh, Japanese garden, Shakarparian and Rawal dam, Islamabad, being the federal capital, is also the custodian of the parliament house, presidency and all the foreign embassies.